Wednesday, July 17, 2019


search questionIn the divulgeing countries, stack ar destitute which fanny be attributed to the political and economic conditions in gain to the situations in the financial and social sector that pr even outt the opportunities on tap(predicate) for the development.( Islam and Memun,2005,2006). sensitive credit plan with distinct mechanisms and practices developed by the smallfinance substructures inspection and repairs to reduce the s goattiness. The impact of the assays on low wad is such that it inhibits the economic and gracious welf are to a greater extent.Personal, social, and natural riskinesss that entangle high expenditures increase the poverty. Services offered by the egg mechanisms turn in more benefits at a pull down price than the services when compared to the services of the informal mechanisms, even though the risk factor reduces the in force(p)ness of the micro credit. Institution and the borrower are connected by a mechanism which is risk tr easureion or amends. m all another(prenominal) of the micro financial institutions focus on the lenders part of risk and ignore the risk from the borrowers side. Improvements in this area give protect the risk of the borrower and alleviate poverty. (Mamun.M.Z).Aim of the cultivationThe aim of the present battleground of weigh is to investigate the relationship amongst micro restitution mechanism and sustainable poverty stand-in among the women of Kiberia of the sylvan Kenya. The study also aims to find out whether thither is any relationship between the vulnerability and risk management, and the capabilities of the micro financial institutions to manage the risk effectively.Objectives of the studyOverview of the micro policy Analysis of the micro restitution practices in Kenya Analysis of the provisions of the different models of micro amends. Analyze the commitance of the micro financial institutions as go awayrs of micro redress Investigate the socio-economic and p sycho-social aspects of the risk To study the cultural and sociological values and attitudes. Research guess of the studyThe present study focuses on the link between the micro amends and poverty alleviation, in extension to focusing on such issues as the policies and regulations of the governing of Kenya for policy in general and micro indemnity in particular.Hypothesis-1Micro policy and its role in the alleviation of poverty insurance externaliseed for the volume of low-income classify and businesses that is characterized by low premiums and low takeage limits. As with the insurance, micro insurance also functions on the concept of risk pooling but by linking many little units to larger structures. The concept of micro insurance enhances the functions of insurance as well as supports the structures for the improved governance. like to the general insurance, micro insurance covers a astray variety of risks that include health risk and the property risk. (Alexander S. Preker, 2002).Thus the micro insurance protects the pack of the low income crowd against certain risks for the payment of regular premiums. In appendix to its coverage of expenses against health risks, it posterior also cover to certain hazards of the business. The main challenge associated with the micro insurance is it has to provide a comprehensive protection that is type that could be affordable at low premiums. A mixture of mechanisms will serve poor people to manage the risks. The new products and services of micro insurance will definitely help poor people to recover the setbacks. Demand assessment in a right way will help to develop an effective design of the products and services of the micro insurance. Micro insurance is the key for the alleviation of poverty.Hypothesis-2Filling the gap to provide the coverage for the excludedSome reports on the marketplace opportunities for the sustainable micro insurance products in Kenya, it was found that only when a few mechanisms help to cover the losses. To recover the losses people borrow, rather than puff uping the knotty earned money from their savings. In the formal insurance mechanisms, the claiming process is burdensome for the people who are nescient and linkage of the formal insurance to the credit increases the cost of premium.The micro insurance mechanisms are popular in that the terms associated with them are understandable, premium payment systems that are flexible, trust and timely pay outs. Poor people use a mixture of the tools to manage the risks as none of the existing strategies cod the ability to provide 100% coverage. Micro insurance can short-change an important and potential role in woof these gaps. To make the mechanism sustainable and effective, there is a need for the providers of the micro insurance to understand the key challenges in the mechanism. It is important to Understand the range and effective of the risk, learning the advantages and disadvantages of the se mechanisms in social obligations.Hypothesis-3Transformation of the micro finance institutions to micro insurance- a new way to weigh poverty microfinance is the humanitarian activity for the welfare of the poor people, a small amount of unsecured loans, provided for the people for the income generation. The efficiency of the micro loan mechanism support to bring this endeavor to a large scale. In many countries legislations were enacted to formalize the activities of this sector. However there are some draw backs associated with the micro finance institutions. (MFI). insufficiency of knowledge in designing the product is the draw back with MFIs as these institutions have neer attempted the risk calculation and designing matters connect to insurance.There are no proper policies of the government that help in giving a scope for reinsurance and exercise commercially in a full parent way. There is no specific method available with MFI that can handle the risks effectively, and the MFIs do not adjust the premiums on par with inflation. The MFIs perform tasks like sale of products, collection of the premium and pooling the risk. MFIs are sustainable in their growth due to their good relations with the leaf nodes and they are high performers in terms of cash collection and sales of the product, whence their product designing and risk pooling is very poor.MFIs are innovators and practitioners and they have a rich view and professionalism with poor. They have a better knowledge of directing the strategies and policies to the level group. It has been shown that MFI does can respond the needfully of clients for insurance. These institutions have know the fact that insurance has the role protecting the client as well as the institution. The MFIs have an additional source of income that can improve sustainability.Hypothesis-4Changing the policies of the insurance with the intervention of the government is a key to achieverIt is important to establish the concept of micro insurance as a market product and the MFIs as providers of service. There are several avenues in this sector that require the intervention of the government. The government has to design its policies in such a way that it can assist the commercial insures and MFIs in an agent partner model and design the schemes based on the strengths of the clients. The generic service business market, with the support of the upright commodity based business service market by enabling an environment set by government regulations and policies that are relevant to the specific markets offered by the government is a key to the success.Hypothesis-5Poverty in Kenya reflects challenges and complexities in dealing with the alleviation of poverty and making them sustainableThe women incorporate around 50% in Kenya and comprise a vulnerable group that faces unique constraints. virtually of the women combine domestic activities with the income generating activities and the lack of time d ictates their cream of the enterprise. Most of the women that are gnarly in the small enterprises lack the investment capital.The other constraints include their illiteracy, drawn-out beaurocratic procedures to acquire the license, lack of adequate housing, and the limited resources linked with heavy family responsibilities. Remedial measures by the government and the institutions will not only increase the participation of women in the small micro enterprises but also improves the property of the life of the household and the economy of the country as a hole. The intervention of the MFIs with micro insurance designs will help to improve the poor women as well as the institution.MethodologyMy search studies comprises of quantitative and qualitative studies.Quantitative studiesData collection is done mostly by means of direct observation and interviews. Most of my sources for the secondary abridgment include books, articles, newspapers and internet. I choose the sources that are mostly of objective nature. I search for some models and methods to adopt them for my interrogation to find out whether there is any correlation between the micro insurance and poverty alleviation.Qualitative studyData collected from the interviews will alter me to do my qualitative studies in a earthy manner. I will interview the women from the low income group, military unit from banks government offices, financial institutions, insurance companies that are involved in the insurance related matters. These interviews will help me to gain a knowledge on the needs of the women of low income group, and their view on the operations of the institution of the micro insurance.Time to be dog-tired on my research studiesThe first nine months will be spent to develop the proposal, methodology and literature review. During this time I will allocate my time also to calculate the courses relevant to the subject and research methods as per the recommendations of the university. I will give-up the ghost four to six weeks to get under ones skin data from the interviews and statistical work. I will spend six months time in the slums of kibera for an intensive field work. ApplicationWith this proposal I feel I can apply for a research grant for my research studies.ReferencesAlexander S. Preker, Guy Carrin, David Dror, Melitta Jakab, William Hsiao, Dyna Arhin-Tenkorang (2002). Effectiveness of community health financial backing in meeting thecost of illness. Bulletin of the domain of a function Health Organisation 80 (2) 143150. Geneva WHO.Islam, Nazrul and Mamun, M. Z. (2006). Prospects of health Insurance Initiatives in Bangladesh An Empirical Study, Proceedings of the tenth part Annual Conference of Asia-Pacific Risk and Insurance crosstie (APRIA), July 30- August 2, 2006, Meiji University, Tokyo, Japan.Islam, Nazrul and Mamun, M. Z. (2005). Factors for Not Buying Life Insurance Policies in a Developing Country A Case of Bangladesh. Journal of contrast Admin istration, Institute of Business Administration, University of Dhaka, Bangladesh, Vol. 31, No. 1 & 2, pp. 1-22, January & April 2005.Ziaulhaq Mamun.M, Contribution of Micro-Insurance Augementing The poverty alleviationA order of payment Paper Prepared for the 11th APRIA Conference at National Chengchi University, Taipei, Taiwan (July 25-28, 2007)

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